/ sE5raUnd; sE`raJnd/ n [Tn, Tn.pr] (a) ~ sb/sth (with sb/sth) (cause sb/sth to) move into position all round sb/sth; encircle sb/sth, esp so as to prevent escape （使某人[某物]）包围某人[某物]; 围住某人[某物]（尤指使之无法脱逃）: Troops have surrounded the town. 部队已将该城包围. * They have surrounded the town with troops. 他们出动军队包围了该城. * (fig 比喻) He likes to surround himself with beautiful things. 他喜欢生活在美的环境中. (b) ~ sth/sb (by/with sth) (esp passive 尤用於被动语态) be all round sth/sb 包围或环绕某物[某人]: Trees surround the pond. 树木围绕着池塘. * The house was surrounded by high walls. 房子的四周有高墙. * (fig 比喻) The new plan is surrounded by much speculation, ie Everyone is wondering about it. 新计画备受猜疑. * She has always been surrounded with fashionable friends. 她周围总有许多爱赶时髦的朋友.
> surround n (usu decorative) border around an object （通常指装饰性的）物体的边缘: a fireplace with a tiled surround 周围镶有瓷砖的壁炉.
surrounding adj [attrib 作定语] that is around and nearby 周围附近的: York and the surrounding countryside.约克城及其近郊. surroundings n [pl] all the objects, conditions, etc that are around (and may affect) sb/sth; environment 周围的物体﹑ 条件等（可为有影响力的）; 环境: living in pleasant surroundings 生活在舒适的环境中 * Animals in zoos are not in their natural surroundings. 动物园中的动物没有自然环境.