/ sE5rendE(r); sE`rZndL/ v
[I, Ipr, Tn, Tn.pr] ~ (oneself) (to sb) stop resisting an enemy, etc; yield; give up 停止抵抗; 投降; 屈服; 放弃: We shall never surrender. 我们决不投降. * The hijackers finally surrendered (themselves) to the police. 劫机者终於向警方投降了.
[Tn, Tn.pr] ~ sth/sb (to sb) (fml 文) give up possession of sth/sb when forced by others or by necessity; hand sth/sb over 被迫放弃对某物[某人]的控制权; 交出某事物[某人]: We shall never surrender our liberty. 我们决不放弃自由权. * They surrendered their guns to the police. 他们向警方交出枪枝. * He surrendered his insurance policy, ie gave up his rights under the policy in return for immediate payment他中途退保(放弃保险以立即获得退保金).
(phr v) surrender (oneself) to sth (fml or rhet usu derog 文或修辞, 通常作贬义) allow (a habit, an emotion, an influence, etc) to control what one does 听任(某习惯﹑ 感情﹑ 影响等)摆布: He surrendered (himself) to despair and eventually committed suicide. 他陷於绝望, 终於自杀了.
> surrender n [U, C] surrendering or being surrendered 投降; 屈服; 放弃; 交出: demand the surrender of the town 要求该城投降 * She accused the government of a cowardly surrender to big-business interests. 她指责政府畏首畏尾屈从於大企业的利益. * [attrib 作定语] What is the surrender value of these shares? 这些股票的转让价额是多少?