2 / FEU; Fo/ v (pt showed, pp shown / FEUn; Fon/ or, rarely, 罕读作 showed)
(a) [Tn, Cn.a, Cn.g, Dn.n, Dn.pr] ~ sb/sth (to sb) cause sb/sth to be seen; display sb/sth 使某人[某物]被看见; 显示或展示某人[某物]: You must show your ticket at the barrier. 必须在检票处出示票. * The film is being shown at the local cinema. 本地影院正在上映这部电影. * Her paintings are being shown (ie exhibited) at a gallery in London. 她的画正在伦敦的一个美术馆里展出. * The photo shows her dressed in black. 在这张照片里, 她穿着黑衣服. * In the portrait he is shown lying on a sofa. 在这张画像中画着他躺在沙发上. * He showed me his pictures. 他给我看了他的照片. * She has shown them to all her friends. 她把那些东西给她所有的朋友都看过了. (b) [Tn, Tf, Tw] allow (sth) to be seen; reveal 使（某物）被看见; 显露: A dark suit doesn't show the dirt so much. 黑色的套装禁脏. * My shoes are showing signs of wear. 我的鞋已经显得旧了.
[I, Ipr, Ip] be visible or noticeable 看得见; 可察觉出: Your petticoat is showing, Jane. 简, 你的衬裙露出来了. * Does the scar still show? 伤疤还看得出来吗? * His fear showed in his eyes. 他眼里露出恐惧的目光. * Her laziness showed in her exam results. 她平时懒惰从她的考试成绩可以看得出来. * His shirt was so thin that his vest showed through (it). 他的衬衫很薄, 连里面穿的背心都能看见.
[Tn no passive 不用於被动语态, Dn.n, Dn.w] point (sth) out; indicate 指出（某物）; 指示; 告知: The clock shows half past two. 时钟的针指着两点半. * Show me which picture you drew. 告诉我哪张是你画的.
[Tn no passive 不用於被动语态] (a) ~ itself be visible 呈现; 可看出: His annoyance showed itself in his face. 从他的脸上可以看出他有烦恼. * The sun didn't show itself all day. 一整天没出太阳. (b) ~ oneself be present; appear 出席; 出现: He showed himself briefly at the party. 他在聚会上匆匆露了一面. * The leader rarely shows herself in public. 这位领导她很少在公众场合露面.
[Tn, Dn.n, Dn.pr] treat (sb) with (kindness, respect, cruelty, etc); give; grant 对（某人）（和蔼﹑ 尊敬﹑ 残忍等）; 给; 施予: The king often shows mercy (to prisoners). 这位国王常（对囚犯）大发慈悲. * The priest showed me great understanding. 神父对我非常理解. * They showed nothing but contempt for him. 他们对他轻蔑已极.
[Tn, Cn.a, Cn.n no passive 不用於被动语态] give evidence or proof of being or having (sth) 证明﹑ 证实或表明为或有（某特质）: show no signs of intelligence 表现得一点也不聪明 * a soldier who showed great courage/showed himself to be very brave 表现得非常勇敢的士兵 * She showed herself unable to deal with money. 她做出的事表明她不善理财. * He showed himself (to be) a dishonest rascal. 他的表现证明他是个无赖.
[Tn, Tf, Tw, Tnt, Dn.n, Dn.pr, Dn.f, Dn.w] ~sth (to sb) make sth clear; demonstrate sth; prove sth 使某事物清楚; 阐明或证明某事物: show the falseness of her claims/that her claims are false 证明她的说法不确 * show (him) how to do it/what to do 告诉（他）如何做[做什麽] * His expression shows how unhappy he is. 他的表情说明他非常不愉快. * Her new book shows her to be a first-rate novelist. 她的新书表明她是第一流的小说家. * They were shown the tragedy of war. 他们了解到了战争的悲惨. * She showed her methods of analysis to her pupils. 她向学生展示自己的分析方法.
[Tn.pr, Tn.p] lead or conduct (sb) to the specified place or in the specified direction 引领（某人）; 引导; 指引: We were shown into the waiting-room. 把我们带到了候客室. * Please show this lady out (of the building). 请把这位太太送出去. * The usherette showed us to our seats. 女引座员把我们带到座位上. * Our trained guides will show you round (the museum). 我们这些训练有素的导游来带你们参观（博物馆）.
[Tn no passive 不用於被动语态] (infml 口) prove one's ability or worth to (sb) 向（某人）证实自己有能力或价值: They think I can't win, but I'll show them. 他们认为我赢不了, 但我要让他们看看.
(sl 俚 esp US) appear; show up 出现; 露面: I waited for you all morning but you never showed. 我整个上午都在等你, 但是没见到你的影子.
[I] (US) win a place (third or better) in a horse race 赛马中得名次（前三名）.
(idm 习语) do/show sb a kindness =>kindness (kind1). fly/show/wave the flag =>flag1. go to `show serve to prove or demonstrate 用以证明或显示: You've got no money now. It all/only goes to show you shouldn't gamble. 你现在没钱了, 这完全证明你不应该赌博. show (sb) a clean pair of `heels (infml often joc 口, 常作戏谑语) run away 跑掉; 溜之大吉. show sb the `door ask sb to leave 叫某人离开; 逐出: After having insulted his host, he was shown the door. 他侮辱了主人, 结果被轰了出去. show one's `face appear before people 露面: She daren't show her face in the street. 她不敢在街上露面. show one's `hand/`cards reveal one's intentions or plans 表明意图或计画: I suspect they're planning something but they haven't shown their hand yet. 我怀疑他们在策画什麽事, 但是他们还没表露出来. show sb/know/learn the ropes =>rope. show a `leg (infml joc 口, 谑) get out of bed 起床. show one's teeth use one's power or authority to intimidate or punish sb 用权力或权威来吓唬或惩罚某人. show (sb) the `way (a) tell sb how to get to a certain place 告诉（某人）怎样到达某处: show him the way to the station 告诉他到车站怎麽走. (b) be an example to sb 成为某人的榜样: Let's hope her bravery will show the way for other young people. 希望她的英雄行为能成为年轻人的榜样. show the white `feather act in a cowardly way; show fear 示弱; 胆怯. show `willing show that one is ready to do sth, eg work hard, help, etc 表示愿意做某事（如努力工作﹑ 帮助别人等）: I don't think I'm needed as a helper, but I'll go anyway, just to show willing. 我想并不需要我帮忙, 但我还是要去, 以示诚意. (have) something, nothing, etc to show for sth (have) something, nothing, etc as a result of sth 在某事物上有些﹑ 没有成果等: All those years of hard work, and nothing to show for it! 苦干了那麽多年, 却拿不出成绩来. * I've only got 100 to show for all the stuff I sold. 我卖了那麽多东西, 只得到区区100英镑.
(phr v) show off (infml often derog 口, 常作贬义) try to impress others with one's abilities, wealth, intelligence, etc 炫耀自己的能力﹑ 财富﹑ 智慧等: Do stop showing off it's embarrassing. 快别卖弄了--太难为情了. * The child danced around the room, showing off to everybody. 那个孩子满屋子跳舞, 向大家显派一番. show sb/sth off draw people's attention to sb/sth 吸引大家注意某人[某事物]: a dress that shows off her figure well 能充分衬托出她那身段的连衣裙 * She was showing off her new husband at the party. 她在聚会上引着大家注意她的新郎. * He likes showing off how well he speaks French. 他喜欢引人注意到他法语说得非常好. show up (infml 口) arrive, often after a delay; appear 到来（通常在耽搁一段时间後）; 出现: It was ten o'clock when he finally showed up. 十点钟时他终於到了. * We were hoping for a full team today but only five players showed up. 今天我们希望全体队员都到齐, 但结果只到了五个人. show (sth) up (cause sth to) become visible （使某物）显现出来: The dust on the shelf shows up in the sunlight. 在阳光照射下能看见架子上有灰尘. * Close inspection shows up the cracks in the stonework. 仔细观察就能发现这石雕中有裂缝. show sb up (infml 口) make sb feel embarrassed by behaving badly in his company 因举止失当使某人羞与为伍: He showed me up by falling asleep at the concert. 他在音乐会上睡着了, 弄得我很难为情. show sb up (as/for sth/to be sth) show sb to be (dishonest, disreputable, etc) 显露某人（不诚实﹑ 不名誉等）: His diary shows him up as/shows him up to have been a greedy, arrogant man. 他的日记暴露出他又贪婪又傲慢.
> showing n
1 act of showing 演出; 表演: two showings of the film daily 该电影每天放映两场.
2 (usu sing 通常作单数) record or evidence of the success, quality, etc of sb/sth （某人[某事物]的）功过﹑ 好坏﹑ 表现等: the company's poor financial showing in recent years 公司近年来的财务不佳情况 * On (ie Judging by) last week's showing, the team is unlikely to win today. 按上星期的情况判断, 这个队今天不太可能赢.
# `show-off n (derog 贬) person who tries to impress others in speech or actions 爱炫耀的人: Take no notice of him you know what a show-off he is. 别理睬他--你知道他多喜欢卖弄.