2 / ru:t; rut/ v
(a) [I, Ipr] (of a plant) send down roots and begin to grow (指植物)生根成长: This type of plant roots easily. 这种植物容易生根成长. (b) [Tn, Tn.pr] plant (sth) 种植(某物): Root the cuttings in peat. 把插枝扦插泥炭中.
[Tn.pr esp passive 尤用於被动语态] cause (sb) to stand fixed and unmoving 使(某人)站立不动: be/stand rooted to the spot/ground 站在那里不动 * Fear rooted him to the spot. 他吓得呆若木鸡.
[usu passive 通常用於被动语态: Tn, Tn.pr] establish (sth) deeply and firmly 使(某事物)深深扎根; 牢固地树立(某事物): a story firmly rooted in reality 深深扎根於现实中的小说 * Her affection for him is deeply rooted. 她对他矢志不渝. * He has a rooted objection to cold baths. 他一向反对冷水浴.
(phr v) root sth out destroy sthcompletely 根除某事物: determined to root out corruption决心根除腐败现象. root sth up dig or pull up (a plant, etc) with the roots 将(植物等)连根挖出或拔起.