2 / rEUl; rol/ v
[Ipr, Ip, Tn.pr, Tn.p] (cause sth to) move on wheels or rollers or by turning (over and over) （使某物）滚动: The ball rolled down the hill. 球滚下了山. * The hoop rolled along the pavement. 圆环沿人行道滚动. * The coin fell and rolled away. 硬币掉下滚走了. * men rolling barrels across a yard 滚着圆桶经过院子的人 * Roll it over and look at the other side. 把它翻滚过来看看另一面.
[I, Ipr, Ip, Tn, Tn.pr, Tn.p] (cause sth to) turn on an axis, over and over or round and round （使某物）转动, 旋转, 转圈: a porpoise rolling in the water 在水中翻滚的鼠海豚 * His eyes rolled strangely/He rolled his eyes strangely. 他那双眼睛滴溜溜地转动, 甚是古怪[他滴溜溜转动着眼睛, 甚是古怪]. * rolling a pencil between his fingers 把铅笔夹在他的指头上捻.
[Ipr, Ip, Tn, Tn.pr, Tn.p, Dn.n] ~ (sth) (up) make (sth) or be made into the shape of a ball or cylinder; fold (sth) over on itself （将某物）卷或绕成球形或圆柱形; 卷起（某物）: The hedgehog rolled up into a spiky ball. 刺?卷起身子成了一个刺球. * I always roll my own (cigarettes). 我总是抽自己卷的（烟）. * roll string, wool, etc (up) into a ball 把细绳﹑ 毛线等绕成线团 * roll up a carpet, a map, a towel 把地毯﹑ 地图﹑ 毛巾卷起来 * He rolled himself a cigarette. 他自己卷了一枝烟. Cf 参看 unroll.
[Tn, Tn.pr] wrap or cover (sb/sth) in sth 将（某人[某物]）包或裹在某物内: He rolled himself (up) in his blanket. 他用毛毯裹住身体. * roll the sausages in batter 把香肠放在蛋奶面糊里滚一下.
[Tn, Tn.pr, Tn.p, Cn.a] flatten (sth) with a roller(1) 用?衮子轧平（某物）; 将（某物）碾平: roll a lawn 把草坪碾平 * roll out the dough ?干面团 * roll the ground flat 把地碾平.
(a) [I, Ipr, Ip, Tn, Tn.pr, Tn.p] (cause sb/sth to) sway or rock (from side to side) （使某人[某物]）（左右）摇摆或摇晃: The ship was rolling heavily to and fro. 那船晃来晃去很不平稳. * walk with a rolling gait 走起路来摇摇晃晃 * The huge waves rolled the ship from side to side. 巨浪把船打得左右摇晃. Cf 参看pitch2 4. (b) [I, Ipr] sway or rock helplessly 不由自主地摇摆或摇晃: rolling with laughter 笑得前仰後合 * rolling drunk 醉得东倒西歪.
[I, Ipr, Ip] (appear to) rise and fall; undulate 起伏; 作起伏状; 波动: rolling hills 绵延起伏的丘陵地带 * waves rolling in to the beach 涌向海滩的滚滚浪涛.
[I] make a long continuous vibrating sound 发出持续颤动的声音: The thunder rolled. 雷声隆隆. * rolling drums 咚咚的鼓声.
[I, Tn] (infml 口) (cause film cameras to) begin working （使电影摄影机或电视摄像机）开拍, 开机: Let them roll!/Roll 'em! 开机!
[Tn] (US infml 口) rob (esp sb drunk or asleep) 抢劫（某人, 尤指抢喝醉的或睡觉的人）.
(idm 习语) be `rolling (in money/it/cash) (sl 俚) have lots (of money) 有许多（钱）: What do you mean, he can't afford it? He's absolutely rolling (in money)! 你这是怎麽说, 他负担不起? 他可有的是钱! heads will roll => head1. keep/start the ball rolling => ball1. rolled into `one combined in one person or thing 合为一体; 兼於一身: He's an artist, a scientist and a shrewd businessman (all) rolled into one. 他既是艺术家, 又是科学家, 同时还是个精明的生意人. ,rolling in the `aisles much amused; helpless with laughter 乐不可支; 捧腹大笑: The comedian soon had them rolling in the aisles. 那滑稽演员很快就逗得他们捧腹大笑. roll one's `r's pronounce the sound of the letter `r' with vibration of the tongue against the palate 发r的舌尖颤音. roll `up! roll `up! (used to invite passers-by to join an audience, etc 邀请过往行人进入观看等之用语). roll up one's `sleeves (fig 比喻) prepare to work or fight 卷起袖子（准备工作或战斗）.
(phr v) roll sth back (a) turn or force back (eg enemy forces) 赶回或击退（如敌军）. (b) (esp US) reduce (prices, etc) 降低（价格等）: roll back inflation 缓解通货膨胀. roll in (infml 口) (a) arrive in great numbers or quantities 滚滚而来; 大量涌来: Offers of help are still rolling in. 仍不断有人提出愿予以帮助. (b) arrive casually 不期然到达: She rolled in for work twenty minutes late. 她懒懒散散地来上班, 迟到了二十分钟. roll (sth) on (a) apply, spread, etc (sth) by rolling 用滚动方法敷﹑ 涂...（某物）: This paint is easy to roll on/rolls on easily. 这种颜料用滚轴涂布很容易. (b) (of time) pass steadily （指时间）不断地流逝: The years rolled on. 岁月流逝. (c) (used in the imperative 用於祈使句) come soon 赶快来到: Roll on the holidays! 假期快来吧! roll up (infml 口) (of a person or vehicle) arrive （指人或车辆）到达: Bill finally rolled up two hours late. 比尔终於来了, 迟到了两个小时.
# rolled `gold thin coating of gold applied to the surface of another metal 金箔; 包金.
rolled `oats oats that have had the husks removed and have been crushed 燕麦片.
`rolling-mill n machine or factory in which metal is rolled into sheets, bars, etc 轧钢机; 轧钢厂.
`rolling-pin n cylinder of wood, glass, etc used for rolling out dough, pastry, etc ?干面棍; ?干面杖. =>illus at kitchen 见kitchen插图.
`rolling-stock n [U] railway engines, carriages, wagons, etc collectively 铁路各种车辆的总称.
,rolling `stone 1 person who does not settle down to live and work in one place 无固定住处和工作的人.2 (idm 习语) a ,rolling ,stone ,gathers no `moss (saying 谚) sb of this type is free of responsibilities, family ties, etc and has no wealth 滚石不生苔（喻人既无责任﹑ 无家室等, 又无钱财）.
`roll-on 1 n cosmetic applied by means of a ball that rotates in the neck of the container 滚抹式化妆品（容器口有可转动涂布的圆球）: [attrib 作定语] roll-on deodorants 滚抹除臭剂. 2 (dated 旧) woman's elastic corset rolled on over the hips 女用弹力紧身内裤.
,roll-on roll-`off (abbr 缩写 roro) designed to allow vehicles to be driven onto and off it 供车辆驶进驶出的; 滚装: a roll-on roll-off ferry 驶进驶出式渡船.
`roll-up n (infml 口) cigarette rolled by hand 手卷的纸烟: He always smokes roll-ups. 他总是抽手卷的纸烟.