/ rI5tri:t; rI`trit/ v [I, Ipr, In/pr]
(esp of an army, etc) withdraw after being defeated or when faced with danger or difficulty (尤指军队等)(战败後或面临危险或困难时)撤退, 退却: force the enemy to retreat (behind their lines) 迫使敌人退却(至其阵线後) * crowds retreating before police fire hoses 面对警方的消防水龙而退却的群众 * We retreated half a mile. 我们後撤了半英里. Cf 参看 advance2 2.
(fig 比喻) go away to a place of shelter or privacy 退避; 回避至自己的范围: retreat into a world of fantasy 遁入幻想世界 * retreat from the public eye 避开公众的眼睛. Cf 参看 retire.
> retreat n
1 [C usu sing, U 作可数名词时通常作单数, 亦作不可数名词] act or instance of retreating 撤退; 退却: The minister made an undignified retreat from his earlier position. 那部长很不光彩地背离了他原先的立场. * an orderly retreat from the camp 秩序井然的撤营 * The army was in full retreat. 军队已全线撤退.
2 the retreat [sing] military signal for this 撤退信号: sound the retreat, eg on a drum or bugle 发出撤退信号(如击鼓或吹号).
3 (a) [U] withdrawal into privacy or seclusion 退避; 隐遁. (b) [C] place suitable for this 静居处; 隐居处: spend weekends at my country retreat 在我的乡间僻静处过周末. (c) [U, C] (religion 宗) period of withdrawalfrom worldly activities for prayer and meditation 静修(期间): go into/be in retreat 去静修[於静修中] * make an annual retreat 进行一年一度的静修.
4 (idm 习语) beat a retreat => beat1.