/ 5ri:snt; `risnt/ adj [usu attrib 通常作定语] (that existed, happened, began, was/were made, etc) not long ago or before 不久前的; 近来的: a recent event, development, occurrence, etc 不久前的事件﹑ 发展﹑ 事情等 * In recent years there have been many changes. 最近几年有了许多变化. * Ours is a recent acquaintance, ie We only met a short time ago. 我们是最近才认识的. =>Usage at new 用法见new.
> recently adv not long ago or before; lately 不久前; 近来: until quite recently 直到不久以前 * a recently painted house 最近粉刷过的房子.
NOTE ON USAGE 用法: Recently, not long ago, lately indicate that the action spoken about took place in the recent past. *recentlynot long agolately均指最近发生过的事.
Recently has the widest use, in positive and negative statements and questions, with the past tense and the present perfect tense *recently用法最广, 可用於肯定式陈述句﹑ 否定式陈述句及疑问句中, 与过去时态和现在完成时态连用: Did she have a party recently? 她最近举办过聚会吗? * They've recently bought a new car. 他们不久前买了一辆新汽车.
Not long ago is only used in positive statements with the verb in the past tense *not long ago仅用於肯定式陈述句中, 与动词过去时态连用: They arrived in Britain not long ago/recently. 他们不久以前[最近]到达英国. * It's not long ago that they arrived in Britain. 他们是不久以前到达英国的.
Lately is used in questions and negative statements. *lately用於疑问句和否定式陈述句中. In positive statements it is used generally with only, much and a lot. 若用於肯定式陈述句中, 通常与onlymucha lot连用. The verb must be in the present perfect tense动词必须用现在完成时态: Have you seen him lately/recently? 你近来[最近]见过他吗? * They haven't written lately/recently. 他们近来[最近]没有写信. * She's only lately/recently begun working here. 她只是近来[最近]才开始在这里工作的. * I've seen a lot of her lately/recently. 我近来[最近]常见到她.