1 / 5ri:zn; `rizn/ n
[C, U] ~ (for sth/doing sth); ~ (to do sth); ~ (why.../that...) (fact put forward as or serving as the) cause of, motive for or justification for sth 原因; 动机; 理由: for one/some reason or other 由於某种原因 * have adequate/sufficient reason for doing sth 有充分的[足够的]理由做某事 * all the more reason for doing/to do sth 做某事的更为充足的理由 * Give me your reasons for going/the reasons foryour going. 告诉我你去的动机. * There is/We have (good) reason to believe that he is lying. [我们有](充分的)理由认为他说谎. * Is there any (particular) reason why you can't come? 你有什麽(特殊的)原因不能来? * The reason why I'm late is that/because I missed the bus. 我迟到的原因是没赶上公共汽车. * My reason is that the cost will be too high. 我的理由是费用太高. * We aren't going, for the simple reason that we can't afford it. 我们不去, 原因很简单: 我们负担不起. * She complained, with reason (ie rightly), that she had been underpaid. 她抱怨她工资一直很低, 这也不无道理. =>Usage 见所附用法.
[U] power of the mind to think, understand, form opinions, etc 思考﹑ 理解﹑ 推想等的能力; 理性: Only man has reason. 只有人类才有理性.
one's/sb's reason [sing] one's/sb's sanity 自己的[某人的]理智: lose one's reason/senses, ie go mad 失去理智(即发疯) * We feared for her reason, ie were afraid that she might go mad. 我们担心她可能失去理智.
[U] what is right or practical or possible; common sense or judgement 道理; 情理; 明智; 常识; 常理: see/listen to/hear/be open to (ie be prepared to accept) reason 讲道理(服理) * There's a good deal of reason in what you say. 你的话很有道理.
(idm 习语) be,yond/,past all `reason not reasonable or acceptable 不合道理的; 无法接受的: Her outrageous remarks were/went beyond all reason. 她那些无礼的话全无道理. ,bring sb to `reason; ,make sb see `reason make sb stop acting foolishly, resisting uselessly, etc 使某人停止愚蠢的举动﹑ 无谓的抵抗等. by reason of sth (fml 文) because of sth 因为或由於某事物: He was excused by reason of his age. 他因年高而获宥. for reasons/some reason best known to one`self (esp joc 尤作戏谑语) for reasons that are hard for others to understand or discover 出於惟本人才知道的原因: For reasons best known to himself, he drinks tea from a beer glass. 谁都猜不透他为什麽要用啤酒杯子喝茶. (do anything) in/within `reason sensible or reasonable 理智的; 合理的: I'll do anything within reason to earn my living. 为了谋生, 只要是正当的事我什麽事都做. lose all reason => lose. rhyme or reason => rhyme n. it/that ,stands to `reason it/that is obvious to everyone 这是人人都清楚的: It stands to reason that nobody will work without pay. 做工作不能白做, 这是明摆着的事.
NOTE ON USAGE 用法: A cause (of something) is what makes something happen *cause指事物发生的原因: The police are investigating the cause of the explosion. 警方正在调查爆炸的原因. * The causes of the First World War. 第一次世界大战的起因. Reason (for something) has a wider use. *reason一词用法较广. It can be the explanation that people give for why something is done 可用以解释做某事的原因或理由: What was the reason for his resignation? ? * She didn't give any reasons for leaving. 她未做任何解释就走了. Reason, justification and cause (for something) can indicate that the explanation is acceptable to people in general, or reasonable *reasonjustificationcause三词均指用以解释的理由是一般人都可以接受的, 或曰reasonable: The police had no reason to suspect him/no justification for suspecting him/no cause for suspicion (ie They didn't suspect him or shouldn't have suspected him). 警方是没有理由怀疑他的(即: 警方未怀疑他或不该怀疑他). Ground is the formal, especially legal, justification for an action. *ground是用於较庄重场合的另一同义词, 尤用於法律文件中. It is commonly used in the plural 此词常用作复数: Boredom is not a ground for divorce. 日久生厌不能成为离婚的理由. * I left my job on medical grounds. 我由於健康原因而辞去了工作. A motive for doing something is a feeling or desire within people which makes them act *motive指想做某事的感觉或愿望: He claimed that his motive for stealing was hunger. 他说他因为饿才去偷东西. * The crime seemed to have been committed without (a) motive. 这一罪案似乎并无作案动机.