1 / rANk; rANk/ n
[C, U] position in a scale of responsibility, quality, social status, etc (职务﹑ 身分﹑ 社会地位等的)等级: ministers of Cabinet rank 内阁各大臣 * a painter of the first/top rank, ie one of the very best 第一流的画家 * people of (high) rank 地位高的人 * people of all ranks and classes 各阶层各阶级的人.
[C, U] position or grade in the armed forces 军阶; 军衔:promoted to the rank of captain 晋升到上尉军衔 * above/below a major in rank 军衔高於[低於]少校 * officers of high rank 高级军官 * reach the rank of colonel 高达上校军衔.
[C] line or row of things (物体的)行, 列, 排: a `cab/`taxi rank 一排计程车 * Take the taxi at the head of the rank, ie the first in the line. 乘坐排在前头的那辆计程车.
(a) [C] line or row of soldiers, policemen, etc standing side by side (士兵﹑ 警察等肩并肩站成的)行列, 横列: ranks of marching infantry 横排行进的步兵 * keep/break ranks, ie remain/fail to remain in line 保持[打乱]队形. (b) the ranks [pl] (also `other ranks) ordinary soldiers, ie privates, corporals, etc, not officers 士兵(即二等兵﹑ 下士等, 非军官): join, serve in, etc the ranks 当兵 * rise from the ranks, ie be made an officer after serving as an ordinary soldier 行伍出身(由士兵升为军官) * be reduced to the ranks, ie (of a sergeant, etc) be made an ordinary soldier as a punishment (指中士等)降级为士兵(作为处罚) * (fig 比喻) join the ranks of the unemployed, ie become unemployed 加入失业者大军(沦为失业者).
(idm 习语) close ranks => close4. pull rank => pull2.
> rank v (not in the continuous tenses 不用於进行时态)
1 [Tn, Tn.pr, Cn.n/a] ~ sb/sth (as sth) place sb/sth in a rank; grade sb/sth according to quality, achievement, etc 将某人[某事物]置入行列中; (按特性﹑ 成就等)将某人[某事物]分等级: I rank her achievement very highly. 我对她的成就评价很高. * Where/How do you rank Karpov as a chess player? 你把卡尔波夫列为哪一级的棋手? * I rank her among the country's best writers. 我认为她可属全国最优秀作家之列.
2 [Ipr] have a rank or place 属某等级; 居某地位: Does he rank among/with the failures? 他可以算作失败的那一类人吗? * A major ranks above a captain. 少校比上尉军衔高. * a high-ranking official, delegate, etc 高级官员﹑ 代表等.
3 [Tn] (US) have a higher rank than (sb) 比(某人)级别高.
# the ,rank and `file 1 the ordinary soldiers, not officers 士兵(非军官). 2 (fig 比喻) the ordinary members of an organization (某组织的)普通成员: the rank and file of the party 普通党员 * [attrib 作定语] rank-and-file workers 普通工作者.
`ranking officer (US) officer of the highest rank present 在场的最高级军官.