/ pru:v; pruv/ v (pp proved; US proven / 5pru:vn;`pruvEn/) =>Usage 见所附用法.
[Tn, Tf, Dn.pr, Dpr.f] ~ sth (to sb) show that sth is true or certain by means of argument or evidence 证明某事物属实; 证实某事物: prove sb's guilt/(that) sb is guilty 证明某人有罪 * Can you prove it to me? 你能向我证实吗? * I shall prove to you that the witness is not speaking the truth. 我将向你证明, 证人说的不是真话.
(US probate) [Tn] establish that (a will) is genuine 认证（遗嘱）: The will has to be proved before we can inherit. 遗嘱要先认证, 然後我们才能继承遗产.
[La, Ln, Cn.a, Cn.n, Cn.t] ~ (oneself) sth be seen or found to be sth; turn out to be sth 显现出是某事物; 被发现是某事物: The old methods proved best after all. 采用老方法结果反而是某事物最好. * The task proved (to be) more difficult than we'd thought. 这项任务原来比我们预想的难得多. * He proved himself (to be) a better driver than the world champion. 他的表现说明他的驾驶技术胜过世界冠军.
[I] (of dough) rise because of the action of yeast （指面团）发酵: leave the dough to prove for half an hour让面团发酵半小时.
(idm 习语) the exception proves the rule => exception. prove one's/the `case/`point demonstrate that one's/the statement, argument, criticism, etc is true or valid 表明自己的[该]言论﹑ 论据﹑ 批评等是符合事实的或确有根据的: He quoted figures to prove his case. 他援引数字以表明自己的说法确有根据. * She claimed that money had been wasted and our financial difficulties seemed to prove her point. 她断定那笔钱用得不是地方, 而我们在经济上遇到的困难却也似乎说明她言之有理.
> provable / -Ebl; -Ebl/ that can be proved 可证明的; 可证实的: a provable case of negligence 证据确凿的玩忽职守事件. provably / -EblI; -EblI/ adv.
NOTE ON USAGE 用法: Prove and shave have alternative past participle forms *prove和shave均有两种过去分词形式: proved/proven; shaved/shaven. The irregular forms are more common in US than in British English. 不规则形式在美式英语中比在英式英语中用得多. Shaven and proven are mostly used adjectivally *shaven和proven多用作形容词性的修饰成分: a well-proven method 充分证明行之有效的方法 * a shaven head 剃光的头.