/ pru:v; pruv/ *v* (*pp ***proved**; *US ***proven **/ 5pru:vn;`pruvEn/) =>Usage 见所附用法.

[Tn, Tf, Dn.pr, Dpr.f] **~ sth (to sb) **show that sth is true or certain by means of argument or evidence 证明某事物属实; 证实某事物: *prove sb's guilt/(that) sb is guilty *证明某人有罪 * *Can you prove it to me? *你能向我证实吗? * *I shall prove to you that the witness is not speaking the truth. *我将向你证明, 证人说的不是真话.

(*US ***probate**) [Tn] establish that (a will) is genuine 认证（遗嘱）: *The will has to be proved before we can inherit. *遗嘱要先认证, 然後我们才能继承遗产.

[La, Ln, Cn.a, Cn.n, Cn.t] **~ (oneself) sth **be seen or found to be sth; turn out to be sth 显现出是某事物; 被发现是某事物: *The old methods proved best after all. *采用老方法结果反而是某事物最好. * *The task proved (to be) more difficult than we'd thought. *这项任务原来比我们预想的难得多. * *He proved himself (to be) a better driver than the world champion. *他的表现说明他的驾驶技术胜过世界冠军.

[I] (of dough) rise because of the action of yeast （指面团）发酵: *leave the dough to prove for half an hour*让面团发酵半小时.

(idm 习语) **the exception proves the rule => **exception. **prove one's/the `case/`point **demonstrate that one's/the statement, argument, criticism, etc is true or valid 表明自己的*[*该*]*言论﹑ 论据﹑ 批评等是符合事实的或确有根据的: *He quoted figures to prove his case. *他援引数字以表明自己的说法确有根据. * *She claimed that money had been wasted and our financial difficulties seemed to prove her point. *她断定那笔钱用得不是地方, 而我们在经济上遇到的困难却也似乎说明她言之有理.

> **provable** / -Ebl; -Ebl/ that can be proved 可证明的; 可证实的: *a provable case of negligence* 证据确凿的玩忽职守事件. **provably** / -EblI; -EblI/ *adv*.

NOTE ON USAGE 用法: **Prove **and **shave **have alternative past participle forms ***prove**和**shave**均有两种过去分词形式: **proved/proven; shaved/shaven. **The irregular forms are more common in US than in British English. 不规则形式在美式英语中比在英式英语中用得多. **Shaven **and **proven **are mostly used adjectivally ***shaven**和**proven**多用作形容词性的修饰成分: *a well-proven method *充分证明行之有效的方法 * * a shaven head *剃光的头.