/ 5pArIF; `pArIF/ n
[C] area within a diocese, having its own church and clergyman 牧区: He is vicar of a large rural parish. 他是农村一大牧区的牧师. * [attrib 作定语] a parish church 牧区教堂 * a parish priest 牧区牧师 * parish boundaries 牧区范围.
(also civil `parish) [C] (in England) area within a county, having its own local government （英国）郡以下的行政区. Cf 参看 borough 1.
[CGp] people living in a parish, esp those who attend church regularly 牧区的居民; （尤指）牧区内按时上教堂的教徒: The parish objected to some of the vicar's reforms. 牧区教徒反对牧师的某些改革措施.
(idm 习语) ,parish `pump [attrib 作定语] of or relating to local affairs 地方事务的; 区域性的: parish-pump affairs, politics, gossip 区域性的事务﹑ 政治﹑ 流言蜚语.
> parishioner / pE5rIFEnE(r); pE`rIFEnL/ n inhabitant of a parish, esp one who attends church regularly 牧区居民; （尤指）牧区内按时上教堂的教徒.
# ,parish `clerk official with various duties in connection with a parish church 牧区执事.
,parish `council administrative body in a parish(1) 牧区管理委员会.
,parish `register book recording the christenings, marriages and burials that have taken place at the parish church 牧区记事录（记载牧区居民的洗礼﹑ 婚丧等事）.