/ nju:; [email protected] nu:; nu/ adj (-er, -est)
not existing before; seen, introduced, made, invented, etc recently or for the first time 新的: a new school, idea, film, novel, invention, car 新的学校﹑ 想法﹑ 影片﹑ 小说﹑ 发明﹑ 汽车 * new clothes, furniture 新的衣服﹑ 家具 * new potatoes, ie ones dug from the soil early in the season 新下来的土豆 * new (ie freshly baked) bread 刚出炉的面包 * the newest (ie latest) fashions 最新款式. =>Usage 见所附用法.
(a) ~ (to sb) already existing but not seen, experienced, etc before; unfamiliar to sb 未见过的; 未经历过的; 生疏的: learn new words in a foreign language 学习外国语的生词 * a new (ie recently discovered) star 新发现的一颗星 * As a beginner, everything is very new to him. 他刚起步, 对一切都很生 疏. (b) ~ (to sth) not yet accustomed to sth; unfamiliar with sth 尚未习惯的; 不熟悉的: I am new to this town. 我不熟悉此城. * They are still new to the work. 他们对这工作还不习惯. * You're new here, aren't you? 你对这里不熟悉, 是吧?
changed from the previous one(s); different 转换的; 不同的: a new job, teacher, home 新的工作﹑ 老师﹑ 家 * make new friends 交新朋友.
(usu with the 通常与the连用) modern; of the latest type 现代的; 最新型的: the new poor/rich, ie those recently made poor/rich by social changes, etc 新形成的穷人[富人] * the new conformism among the young 年轻人中新兴起的循规蹈矩风气.
[usu attrib 通常作定语] (a) just beginning 刚开始的: a new day 新的一天 * a new era in the history of our country 我国历史上的一个新时代. (b) beginning again; renewed 重新的; 更新的: start a new life 开始新生活 * This government offers new hope to the people. 本届政府给人民带来新的希望. (c) refreshed in mind or body （脑力或体力）已恢复的: I feel (like) a new man. 我觉得精力又充沛了.
(idm 习语) brave new world => brave. break fresh/new ground => ground1. clean as a new pin => clean1. fresh/new blood => blood1. (as) good as `new in as good a condition as when new 完好如新: I'll just sew up that tear, and the coat will be as good as new. 我把大衣的破处缝好, 就会完好如新了. a new `broom (sweeps clean) (saying 谚) a person newly appointed to a responsible position (starts to change and improve things energetically, in a way that is sometimes resented by others) 新扫帚（扫得净）; 新官上任（三把火）. a new deal programme of political, social and economic reform 政治﹑ 社会和经济改革的计画. a ,new lease of `life; US a ,new lease on `life chance to live longer or with greater vigour, satisfaction, etc 延年益寿; 活得更带劲﹑ 更惬意等: Since recovering from her operation, she's had a new lease of life. 她手术复元以後活得更有劲了. * (fig 比喻) A bit of oil and some paint could give that old bike a new lease of life. 给那辆旧自行车上点儿油和漆, 就能多骑些日子. ring out the old year and ring in the new => ring2. teach an old dog new tricks => teach. turn over a new `leaf change one's way of life to become a better, more responsible person 重新做人; 改恶从善: The thief was determined to turn over a new leaf once he was released from prison. 那盗贼下决心, 一旦获释便重新做人.
> new- (forming compound adjs 用以构成复合形容词) recently 新近的: a new-born baby * new-laid eggs * new-mown hay * new-found faith.
newly adv (usu before a past participle 通常用於过去分词之前)
1 recently 新近地: a newly married couple 新婚夫妇 * a newly formed group 新组成的小组.
2 in a new different way 以新方式: newly arranged furniture 以新方式陈设的家具. `newly-wed n (usu pl 通常作复数) person who has recently married 新婚的人: the young newly-weds 年轻的新婚夫妇.
newness n [U].
# `newcomer n person who has recently arrived in a place 新来的人.
`newfangled adj [usu attrib 通常作定语] (usu derog 通常作贬义) (of ideas or things) modern or fashionable in a way that many dislike or refuse to accept （指观念或事物）新潮的, 时髦的（很多人不喜欢或不赞成）: I don't like all these newfangled gadgets. 这些新潮玩意儿我不都喜欢. * You and your newfangled notions! 又来了, 又是你那些时髦儿货色!
new `moon (a) the moon when it is seen as a thin crescent 新月. (b) time when this is so 新月出现时: after the next new moon 下次新月出现後. Cf 参看 full moon (full).
the New `Testament the second part of the Bible, concerned with the teachings of Christ and his earliest followers （《圣经》中的）《新约全书》. `new town (Brit) town planned and built all at once with the help of government funds 新市镇（政府资助整体规画建设的）.
the New `World North and South America 新大陆, 新世界（南北美洲）. Cf 参看 the Old World (old).
new `year the first few days of January 新年: I'll see you in the new year. 新年期间我去看你. * Happy New Year! 新年快乐! New Year's `Day (US New Year's)1 January 元旦; 1月1日. New Year's `Eve 31 December除夕; 12月31日.
NOTE ON USAGE 用法: Compare recent, current, contemporary, modern and new. 试比较recent﹑ current﹑ contemporary﹑ modern﹑ new这几个词. 1 Recent and current have the most restricted and neutral meanings. *recent和current的词义最狭窄也最无褒贬分别. Recent describes events that occurred a short time ago, but which may now have finished, or things which no longer exist *recent指不久前发生的事, 可能现已结束, 也可指不复存在的事物: Recent problems have been solved. 最近的问题已经解决. * She's spent all her recent pay rise. 她把新增加的工资都花光了. Current suggests a situation that exists today but which may be temporary *current意为目前存在的情况, 可能是暂时的: The factory cannot maintain current levels of production. 该工厂不能保持目前的生产水平. * How long will she keep her current job? 她现在这份工作能维持多久? 2 Modern, contemporary and new often indicate a positive quality of being up-to-date,especially in style *modern﹑ contemporary﹑ new常指符合时代潮流的好的特性, 尤指式样或风格: contemporary/modern dance, music, art, etc 当代的[现代的]舞蹈﹑ 音乐﹑ 艺术等. Modern can refer to a longer period up to the present *modern可指直至当前的一段较长时期: Modern English, ie since 1500 现代英语, 即自1500年使用至今者. Contemporary need not relate to the present *contemporary不一定指延续至今: Shakespeare's plays tell us a lot about contemporary life, ie the life of the 16th century. 莎士比亚的戏剧向我们介绍了当时生活的许多情况（即16世纪的生活）. New can also mean `original' *new还有‘创新’的意思: a completely new type of computer 全新型计算机.Note that actual cannot be used to mean contemporaryor current. 注意, 不能用actual表示contemporary或current的意思. It means `real' 该词的含义是‘真实的’: I need the actual figures, not an estimate. 我需要确实的数字, 不要估计的. * His actual age was 45, not 40 as he had stated on his form. 他的实际年龄是45岁, 并非他填在表格上的40岁.