/ 5hEUpfl; `hopfEl/ adj
[usu pred 通常作表语] ~ (of/about sth); ~ (that...) (of a person) having hope (指人)抱有希望: be hopeful about the future 对未来充满希望 * I feel hopeful of success/that we shall succeed. 我对成功[我们将获得成功]抱有希望.
(of a sign, situation, etc) giving hope; likely to be favourable or successful; promising (指徵兆﹑ 情况等)有希望的, 顺利的, 有前途的: The future does not seem very hopeful. 前途似乎有点不妙.
> hopeful n person who hopes or seems likely to succeed 抱有希望的人; 有望获得成功的人: the young hopefuls, lined up before the judges 在评判员面前排成行的雄心勃勃的年轻人 * Many a young hopeful went toHollywood. 许多满怀希望的青年涌至好莱坞. hopefullyadv
1 in a hopeful way 抱有希望地: `I'm sure we'll find it,' he said hopefully. ‘我肯定我们能找到它,’ 他信心十足地说.
2 it is to be hoped; let us hope 可望; 我们可以指望: Hopefully, we'll arrive before dark. 我们可望天黑以前到达. hopefulness n [U].
NOTE ON USAGE 用法: There is a group of adverbs and adverbial phrases (eg frankly, obviously, to begin with) which can be used in two distinct ways 有些副词和副词性词组(如franklyobviouslyto begin with等)可以有两种迥然不同的用法: 1 They may modify the whole sentence 可以用作全句的修饰语: Frankly, you are wrong. 说实在的, 你错了. * Obviously, I'd prefer a better job. 明说了吧, 我想找个更好的工作. * To begin with, I don't like his attitude. 第一 点, 我不喜欢他的态度.
They may simply modify the verb 可以单纯用作动词的修饰语: He spoke frankly (= in a frank way) about his past life. 他坦率地讲述了他过去的生活. * He pointed very obviously at the woman in the fur coat. 他显然指的是那个穿着毛皮大衣的女子. * I liked it in America to begin with. 我起初是喜欢美国的这一点的. Other examples are generally, hopefully, personally, really, sadly, seriously, thankfully. 属於这一类的还有generallyhopefullypersonallyreallysadlyseriouslythankfully等. Some careful speakers use hopefully only in pattern 2, but its use in pattern 1 is now widely accepted. 有些用词严谨的人使用hopefully仅限於第2式, 但第一式的用法现已广为接受.