/ dIk5teIt; [email protected] 5dIkteIt; `dIktet/ v
[I, Ipr, Tn, Tn.pr] ~ (sth) (to sb) say or read aloud (words to be typed, written down or recorded on tape) 口授; 读出(文字, 作听写或录音): dictate a letter to one's secretary 向秘书口授信稿 * The teacher dictated a passage to the class. 教师读出一段文章让全班听写.
[Tn, Tn.pr] ~ sth (to sb) state or order sth with the force of authority 强行规定; 指令; 指定: dictate terms to a defeated enemy 向战败的敌人指定条件.
(phr v) dictate to sb (esp passive 尤用於被动语态) give orders to sb, esp in an officious way 指使某人; (尤指)向某人发号施令: I refuse to be dictated to by you. 我不愿被你呼来唤去的. * You can't dictate to people how they should live. 不能强行规定人们应该怎样生活. =>Usage at decree 用法见decree.
> dictate n / 5dIkteIt; `dIktet/ (usu pl 通常作复数) command (esp one that reason, conscience, etc prompts one to obey) (尤指在理智﹑ 良心等驱使下必须执行的)命令, 指令: Follow the dictates of common sense, ie Do what common sense tells you to do. 按常识行事.