1 / kAtF; kAtF/ v (pt, pp caught / kR:t; kRt/)
(a) [Tn] stop and hold (a moving object) esp in the hands 接住(运动的物体)(尤指用手): I threw a ball to her and she caught it. 我把球扔给她, 她接住了. * Our dog likes catching biscuits in its mouth. 我们的狗喜欢用嘴接饼乾. (b) [Tn, Tn.p] ~ sb (out) (in cricket) dismiss (a batsman) by catching the ball he has hit before it touches the ground (板球)在球触地之前接住球而迫使(击球员)出场; 接杀出局.
[Tn, Tn.pr] capture (sb/sth) after a chase, in a trap, etc; seize and hold 捉住; 抓住; 逮住; 捕获: catch a thief 捉贼 * Cats catch mice. 猫捉老鼠. * How many fish did you catch? 你捕到多少鱼? * I caught him (ie met him and stopped him) just as he was leaving the building. 他正要离开大楼的时候, 我把他截住了. * catch sb by the arm, throat, scruff of the neck, etc 抓住某人的胳臂﹑ 掐住某人的脖子等.
[Ipr, Cn.g] find or discover (sb doing sth); take by surprise 发现或发觉(某人正做某事); 突然抓住: I caught her with her fingers in the biscuit tin. 我看见她手指还在饼乾盒里呢. * I caught a boy stealing apples from the garden. 我撞见一个男孩儿偷园里的苹果. * You won't catch me working (ie I would never work) on a Sunday! 你决见不到我在星期日工作!
[Tn] be in time for (and get on) (sth) 及时赶到; 赶上: catch a bus, plane, train, etc 赶上公共汽车﹑ 飞机﹑ 火车等 * catch the post, ie post letters before the box is emptied by the postman 赶上邮局的一班收信时刻(在邮递员将信箱里的信取走之前寄出).
[Tn] (US infml 口) see or hear (sth); attend 看或听(某事物); 参加: Let's eat now and maybe we could catch a movie later. 咱们现在就吃, 说不定吃完能赶场电影.
[I, Ipr, Tn, Tn.pr] ~ (sth) (in/on sth) (cause sth to) become fixed, stuck or entangled in or on sth (使某物)固着﹑ 卡住﹑ 钩住﹑ 缠住﹑ 绊住﹑ 夹住或挂住某物: The lock won't catch, ie cannot be fastened. 这锁锁不上了. * Her dress caught on a nail. 她的衣服让钉子给钩住了. * He caught his thumb in the door. 他的拇指让门夹了. * He caught his foot on a tree root and stumbled. 他一只脚被树根绊住而跌倒了.
[Tn] become infected with (an illness) 感染上, 传染上(疾病): catch (a) cold 患感冒 * catch 'flu, pneumonia, bronchitis, etc 染上流感﹑ 肺炎﹑ 支气管炎等.
[Tn] hear (sth); understand 听见(某事物); 理解; 了解: Sorry, I didn't quite catch what you said. 对不起, 我没听清你的话. * I don't catch your meaning. 我不明白你的意思.
[Tn, Tn.pr, Dn.n] hit (sth) 击中(某物): The stone caught him on the side of the head. 那块石头击中他头部的侧面. * She caught him a blow on the chin. 她打了他下巴一拳.
[I] begin to burn 烧着; 着火: These logs are wet: they won't catch. 这些木头很湿, 点不着.
[Tn] reproduce (sth) accurately 精确地再现(某事物): The artist has caught her smile perfectly. 艺术家巧妙地捕捉住她的笑容.
(idm 习语) be caught/taken short => short2. catch sb `at it = catch sb red-handed. catch sb's at`tention/`eye attract sb's attention 吸引某人的注意: Try to catch the waiter's eye. 招呼服务员. * A newspaper headline caught his attention. 报纸的大标题引起他的注意. catch one's `breath stop breathing for a moment (because of fear, shock, etc)(因恐惧﹑ 震惊等)一时停止呼吸, 屏息: He caught his breath in surprise. 他惊奇得屏住了呼吸. catch one's death (of cold) (infml 口) catch a severe cold 患重感冒: Don't go out without a coat: you'll catch your death. 别不穿外套出去, 会得重感冒的. catch/take sb's fancy => fancy1. catch `fire begin to burn, esp accidentally 烧着, 着火(尤指意外地): She was standing too close to the fireplace and her dress caught fire. 她站得离壁炉太近了, 衣服烧着了. catch it (infml 口) be punished or scolded 受罚; 挨骂: If your father finds you here you'll really catch it! 要是你父亲知道你在这里, 你非挨骂不可! catch sb `napping find sb not paying attention 发现某人精神不集中: Don't let the boss catch you napping! 别让老板发现你走神儿! catch sb on the wrong `foot catch sb when he is not ready or expecting sth 乘某人不备, 出其不意. catch sb red-`handed discover sb in the act of doing sth wrong or committing a crime 当场发现某人正做坏事或犯罪. catch sight/a glimpse of sb/sth see sb/sth for a moment 一眼瞥见某人[某事物]: She caught sight of a car in the distance. 她一眼瞥见远处的汽车. * He caught a glimpse of her before she vanished into the crowd. 他看见她一闪就在人群中消失了. catch the `sun become sun-burned 晒焦; 晒黑: Your back looks sore you've really caught the sun today. 你後背红了--今天真晒坏了. catch/take sb unawares => unawares (unaware). catch sb with his pants/trousers down (infml 口) catch or trap sb when he is unprepared or not being watchful 乘某人措手不及; 乘其不备; 出其不意; 冷不防. the early bird catches the worm => early. set a sprat to catch a mackerel => sprat. set a thief to catch a thief => thief.
(phr v) catch at sth = clutch at sth (clutch). ,catch `on (to sth) (infml 口) understand (sth) 理解, 了解, 懂(某事物): He is very quick/slow to catch `on. 他理解得很快[很慢]. ,catch `on (with sb) (infml 口) become popular or fashionable 受欢迎; 变得流行: Mini-skirts first caught on in the 1960's. 超短裙是在六十年代开始流行的. ,catch sb `out show that sb is ignorant or doing sth wrong 显出某人无知或犯错误: Ask me anything you like you won't catch me out. 你尽管问吧--决问不倒我. ,catch `up (with sb); ,catch sb `up reach (and sometimes overtake) sb who is ahead (eg in a race); reach the same stage as sb 赶上(有时超过)某人; 达到与某人相同的境界: Go on in front. I'll soon catch you up/catch up (with you). 你先走. 我很快就赶上你. * After missing a term through illness he had to work hard to catch up (with the others). 他因病一学期未上课, 得努力赶上(其他同学). ,catch `up on sth (a) spend extra time doing sth, in order to compensate for having neglected it 用额外时间做某事(以弥补所耽误的时间): I've got a lot of work to catch `up on. 我有很多工作得赶着做. (b) acquire information about sth belatedly 事後了解对某事物的情况: Come over for a chat so we can catch up on each other's news. 来聊聊天, 彼此好通通最近的消息. be ,caught `up in sth be absorbed or involved in sth 被卷入或陷入某事物中: She was caught up in the anti-nuclear movement. 她投身於反核运动.
> catcher n (in baseball) fielder who stands behind the batter (棒球)接球手. =>illus at baseball 见baseball之插图.
catching adj (of a disease) infectious (指疾病)传染性的.
catchy adj (-ier, -iest) (of a tune) pleasant and easy to remember (指曲调)悦耳易记的.
# `catch-all n (esp US)
1 thing for holding many small objects 装零星物品的东西.
2 word, phrase, etc that covers a range of possibilities without describing any of them precisely 笼统的词语.
`catch crop crop grown between rows of other crops 间作.