2 / kR:l; kRl/ v
[I, Ipr, Ip, Tn, Tn.p] ~ (out) to sb (for sth); ~ (sth) (out) say (sth) loudly to attract sb's attention; shout; cry 大声说(某事物)以引起别人注意; 喊; 叫: I thought I heard sb calling. 我好像听见有人喊叫. * Why didn't you come when I called (out) (your name)? 我喊(出)(你名字)的时候, 你为什麽不来? * She called to her father for help. 她向父亲喊叫求救. * The injured soldiers called out in pain. 受伤的士兵疼得大叫. * The teacher called out the children's names, eg to check they were all present. 教师大声点名(如考勤).
[I] (of a bird or an animal) make its characteristic cry (指禽兽)叫.
[Tn, Tn.pr, Tn.p, Dn.n, Dn.pr] order or ask (sb/sth) to come (to a specified place) by shouting, telephoning, writing, etc; summon (通过喊叫﹑ 电话﹑ 文字等)命令或要求(某人[某物])来(到某处); 召唤: call the fire brigade, the police, a doctor, an ambulance, etc 叫消防队﹑ 警察﹑ 医生﹑ 救护车等 * Call the children (in): it's time for tea. 叫孩子们(进来), 该吃下午茶点了. * Several candidates were called for a second interview. 有几个候选人被叫来作第二次面试. * The doctor has been called (away) to an urgent case. 医生被叫去看急症病人了. * The ambassador was called back to London by the Prime Minister. 大使被首相召回伦敦. * I have to be at the airport in 20 minutes please call (me) a taxi. 我20分钟後得到机场--请(给我)叫辆计程车. * call sb's attention to sth, ie invite sb to examine or think carefully about sth 叫某人注意某事.
(a) [I, Ipr, Ip] ~ (in/round) (on sb/at...) (for sb/sth) make a short visit; go to sb's house, etc (to get sth or to go somewhere with him)拜访; 去某人家等(取某物或与他去某处): Let's call (in) on John/at John's house. 咱们去拜访约翰吧[去约翰家吧]. * He was out when I called (round) (to see him). 我去拜访(探望他)的时候, 他不在家. * I'll call for (ie collect) you at 7 o'clock. 我7点钟到你家接你. * Will you call in at the supermarket for some eggs and milk? 你顺便去超级市场买些鸡蛋和牛奶好吗? =>Usage at visit 用法见visit. (b) [Ipr] ~ at... (of a train, etc) stop at (a place) (指火车等)在(某处)停靠: The train on platform 3 is for London, calling at Didcot and Reading. 第3站台的火车开往伦敦, 在迪科特和雷丁停车.
[I, Tn] telephone (sb) 给(某人)打电话: I'll call (you) again later. 我稍後再(给你)打电话. * My brother called me (from Leeds) last night. 我弟弟昨晚(从利兹)给我打来电话.
[Tn] order (sth) to take place; announce 令(某事)举行, 进行; 宣布: call a meeting, an election, a strike 举行会议﹑ 选举﹑ 罢工.
[Tn] wake (sb) 叫醒(某人): Please call me at 7 o'clock tomorrow morning. 请在明早7点钟把我叫醒.
[Cn.a, Cn.n] (a) describe or address (sb/sth) as, name 给(某人[某事物])取名; 将(某人[某事物])称为或叫作: How dare you call me fat! 你怎麽敢叫我胖子! * His name is Richard but we call him Dick. 他名叫里查, 可是我们都叫他迪克. * What's your dog called? 你的狗叫什麽名字? * (ironic 反语) He hasn't had anything published and he calls himself a writer! 他什麽都没发表过, 却自称作家! (b) consider (sb/sth) to be; regard as 认为(某人[某事物]是; 看作: I call his behaviour mean and selfish. 我认为他的行为卑鄙﹑ 自私. * I would never call German an easy language. 我认为德语可不容易学. * How can you be so unkind and still call yourself my friend? 你怎麽能这麽不通人情, 还自称是我的朋友? * You owe me £5.04 let's call it <CHINN>£5</CHIN>, ie settle the sum at £5. 你欠我5.04英镑--就算5英镑吧.
[I, Tn] (in card-games) declare (a trump suit, etc); bid (纸牌戏中)定(王牌等); 叫牌: Have you called yet? 你叫牌了吗? * Who called hearts? 谁定的红桃?
(idm 习语) be/feel called to (do) sth be/feel summoned to a particular profession or vocation 被召[感召]任某种职务或使命: be called to the bar, ie become a barrister 成为讼务律师 * feel called to the ministry/the priesthood 被牧师[教士]使命感召. bring/call sb/sth to mind => mind1. call sb's `bluff challenge sb to do what he is threatening to do (believing that he will not dare to do it) 要求某人摊牌(迫使某人做他威胁要做的事--认为他不敢做); 向某人挑战. call a `halt (to sth) stop (work, a habit, etc) 停止(工作); 改掉(某习惯): Let's call a halt (to the meeting) and continue tomorrow. 咱们暂停(会议), 明天接着开. call sth into being (fml 文) create sth 创造某事物. call sth into play bring sth into operation 发挥; 发扬; 发动; 调动: Chess is a game that calls into play all one's powers of concentration. 下国际象棋要全神贯注才行. call sth in/into `question doubt sth or cause sth to be doubted 怀疑某事物; 使某事物受怀疑: His honesty has never been called in question. 他的诚实从未有人怀疑过. call it a `day (infml 口) decide or agree to stop (doing sth) temporarily or permanently 决定或同意暂时或永久停止(进行某事物): After forty years in politics he thinks it's time to call it a day, ie to retire. 他从政四十年, 认为该结束了(退休). call it `quits (infml 口) agree to stop a contest, quarrel, etc on even terms (同意不分胜负)停止比赛﹑ 争吵等. call sb `names jeer at or insult sb 嘲弄或侮辱某人. call sth one's `own claim sth as one's property 声称某事物归自己所有: He has nothing he can call his own. 他一无所有. call the `shots/the `tune (infml 口) be in a position to control a situation 控制; 操纵; 定调子. call a spade a `spade speak plainly and frankly 直言不讳. call sb to account (for/over sth) make sb explain (an error, a loss, etc) 使某人解释(错误﹑ 损失等): His boss called him to account for failing to meet the deadline. 老板叫他解释未能按时完成的原因. call sb/sth to order ask (people in a meeting) to be silent so that business may start or continue 要求(与会者)安静(以便开始或继续进行正事). he who pays the piper calls the tune => pay2. the pot calling the kettle black => pot1.
(phr v) call by (infml 口) visit a place or a person briefly when passing 顺路参观某处或探望某人: Could you call by on your way home? 你回家的时候, 能顺路来一下吗?
call sb down (US infml 口) reprimand or scold sb severely 严厉申斥或责骂某人. call sth down on sb (fml 文) invoke (curses, etc) on sb 祈求(降祸...)於某人.
call for sth require, demand or need sth 要求﹑ 需求或需要某事物: The situation calls for prompt action. 形势所迫, 必须立即采取行动. * `I've been promoted.' `This calls for a celebration!' ‘我已经升职了.’‘这可得庆祝一下喽!’ * That rude remark was not called for! 何必说那麽难听的话! Cf 参看 uncalled-for.
call sth forth (fml 文) cause sth to appear or be shown; elicit sth 使某事物出现或显出; 引出某事物: His speech called forth an angry response. 他的话惹人生气.
call sth in order or request the return of sth 下令或请求收回某物: The library called in all overdue books. 图书馆要求把所有逾期未还的书收回. * Cars with serious faults have been called in by the manufacturers. 有严重故障的汽车原厂要求收回.
call sb/sth off order (dogs, soldiers, etc) to stop attacking, searching, etc 命令(狗﹑ 士兵等)停止追击﹑ 搜查等: Please call your dog off it's frightening the children. 请把你的狗叫开--已经吓着孩子了. call sth off cancel or abandon sth 取消或放弃某事物: call off a deal, a journey, a picnic, a strike 取消一交易﹑ 旅行﹑ 野餐﹑ 罢工 * They have called off their engagement, ie decided not to get married. 他们已经解除了婚约. * The match was called off because of bad weather. 由於天气不好, 比赛取消了.
call on/upon sb (to do sth) (a) formally invite or request sb (to speak, etc) 郑重邀请或要求某人(讲话等): I now call upon the chairman to address the meeting. 现在请主席致辞. (b) appeal to or urge sb (to do sth) 恳求或促使某人(做某事): We are calling upon you to help us. 我们恳求你帮助我们. * I feel called upon (ie feel that I ought) to warn you that.... 我觉得我应该提醒你....
call sb out (a) summon sb, esp to an emergency 召唤某人(尤指处理紧急事件): call out the fire brigade, troops, guard, etc 召(集)消防队﹑ 部队﹑ 守卫人员等. (b) order or advise (workers) to go on strike 命令或建议(工人)罢工: Miners were called out (on strike) by union leaders. 矿工遵照工会领袖的指示举行罢工.
call sb/sth up (a) (esp US) telephone sb 给某人打电话. (b) bring sth back to one's mind; recall sth 想起某事物; 回忆某事: The sound of happy laughter called up memories of his childhood. 这欢笑声使他回忆起童年时代的情景. (c) summon sb for military service; draft sb 徵召某人服兵役; 选派某人.
> caller n person who makes a brief visit or a telephone call 访问者; 打电话者.
# `calling-card n (US) = visiting-card (visit).
`call-up n (US draft) [U, C esp sing 尤作单数] summons for military service (服兵役的)徵集令, 徵召令: receive one's call-up 收到徵集令 * [attrib 作定语] young men of call-up age 适龄应徵的年轻人.