2 / b\:n; b[n/ v (pt, pp burnt / b\:nt; b[nt/ or burned / b\:nd; b[nd/) =>Usage at dream2 用法见dream2.
(a) [Tn] destroy, damage, injure or mark(sb/sth) by fire, heat or acid 烧毁, 烧坏, 烧伤, 烧焦, 烫伤, 酸蚀(某人[某物]): burn dead leaves, waste paper, rubbish, etc 焚烧枯叶﹑ 废纸﹑ 垃圾等 * The house was burnt to the ground, ie completely destroyed by fire. 这所房子已焚为平地. * All his belongings were burnt in the fire. 他所有的财物都已付之一炬. * Sorry, I've burnt the toast. 对不起, 我把面包片烤焦了. * His face was badly burnt by the hot sun. 他的脸被烈日晒伤了. * The soup is very hot. Don't burn your mouth. 汤很热. 别烫着你的嘴. * The child burnt its fingers/itself while playing with a match. 那孩子玩火柴时把手指[自己]烧伤了. (b) [I] be marked, damaged or spoilt in this way 被烧坏; 被烧毁; 被烧伤; 被烧焦; 被烫着; 被酸蚀: Her skin burns easily. 她的皮肤不禁晒. * I can smell something burning. 我闻到有东西烧焦了.
[Tn, Tn.pr] make (a hole or mark) by burning 烧出(窟窿或痕迹): The cigarette burnt a hole in the carpet. 香烟在地毯上烧了一个窟窿.
[Tn] use (sth) as fuel 使用(某物)为燃料: Do you burn coal as well as wood on this fire? 你是不是用煤也用木头 生这炉火? * a central heating boiler that burns gas/oil/coke 以煤气[石油/焦炭]为燃料的中央供暖锅炉.
[I, Tn] (cause a person or an animal to) be killed by fire (使人或动物)被烧死: Ten people burnt to death in the hotel fire. 旅馆失火烧死了十人. * Joan of Arc was burnt (alive) at the stake. 圣女贞德在火刑柱上被(活活)烧死.
(a) [La, I] be on fire or alight; produce heat or light 燃烧; 发光; 发热; 发亮: a burning building 燃烧着的建筑物 * The house burned for hours before the blaze was put out. 那所房子燃烧了数小时火才扑灭. * A fire was burning merrily in the grate. 壁炉里炉火很旺. * The fire had burnt low, ie was nearly out. 火快要熄灭了. * A single light burned in the empty house. 那所空房子里有一盏孤灯亮着. (b) [I] be able to catch fire 能点着: Paper burns easily. 纸容易点着. * Damp wood doesn't burn well. 潮湿的木头不好烧.
[Tn] make (sth) by burning 烧制(某物); 烤制(某物): burn charcoal 烧制木炭.
[I, Tn] (cause sb/sth to) feel painfully hot (使某人[某物])发烫: Your forehead's burning. Have you got a fever? 你前额很烫. 是不是发烧了?
[Ipr] ~ with sth (usu in the continuous tenses 通常用於进行时态) be full of strong emotion 充满强烈的情感: be burning with rage, desire, longing, etc 怒火中烧﹑ 慾火焚心﹑ 热望如焚.
[Ipr, It] ~ for sth (usu in the continuous tenses 通常用於进行时态) want to do sth very much 极欲做某事: (rhet 修辞) He was burning to avenge the death of his father. 他心急如焚要报杀父之仇.
(idm 习语) burn one's `boats/`bridges do sth that makes it impossible to go back to a previous situation 做事不留退路或後路; 破釜沉舟: Think carefully before you resign if you do that you will have burnt your boats. 你对辞职一事须三思--辞了职就断了自己的後路. burn the candle at both `ends exhaust oneself by trying to do too many things 由於超负荷地工作而耗尽精力; 操劳过度. burn one's `fingers/get one's `fingers burnt suffer (often financially) as a result of foolish behaviour or meddling 由於愚蠢的举动或管闲事而吃苦头(常指破财): He got his fingers badly burnt dabbling in the stock-market. 他在证券市场胡乱买卖而大吃苦头. burn the midnight `oil study or work until late at night 挑灯夜战; 开夜车: She takes her exams next week, so she's burning the midnight oil. 她下周要考试, 所以在开夜车. burn sth to a crisp cook sth too long, so that it becomes burnt 烹得过久而烧焦: (fig 比喻) I lay in the sun all day and got burnt to a crisp. 我在太阳下躺了一整天, 都快烤焦了. sb's ears are burning => ear1. feel one's ears burning => feel1. have money to burn => money. money burns a hole in sb's pocket => money.

(phr v) burn away continue to burn 继续燃烧: a fire burning away in the grate 壁炉里继续燃着的炉火. burn (sth) away (a) (cause sth to) become less by burning (使某物)逐渐烧掉: Half the candle had burnt away. 蜡烛已烧掉一半. (b) (cause sth to) be removed by burning (将某物)烧掉: Most of the skin on his face got burnt away in the fire. 在火灾中, 他脸上的皮肤大部分烧掉了.
burn down (of a fire) burn less brightly or strongly (指火)渐渐烧完; 火力减弱: The room grew colder as the fire burnt down. 随着炉火逐渐减弱, 房间越来越冷. burn (sth) down (cause sth to) be destroyed to the foundations by fire (将某物)焚为平地, 烧得精光: The house burnt down in half an hour. 那所房子在半小时之内就被焚为平地. * Don't leave the gas on you might burn the house down. 别忘了关煤气炉--不然会把房子烧掉的.
burn sth off remove sth by burning 烧掉某物: Burn the old paint off before re-painting the door. 先把门上的旧漆烧掉再上新漆.
burn (itself) out (a) (of a fire) stop burning because there is no more fuel (指火)因燃料用尽而熄灭: The fire had burnt (itself) out before the fire brigade arrived. 在消防队赶到以前, 火已(自行)熄灭. (b) (of a rocket) finish its supply of fuel (指火箭)燃料用尽. burn (sth) out (cause sth to) stop working because of friction or excessive heat (使某物)因摩擦或过热而不能操作; 烧坏: The clutch has burnt out. 离合器因过热而失灵. * burn out a fuse, motor, transformer 烧坏保险丝﹑ 发动机﹑ 变压器. burn oneself out exhaust oneself or ruin one's health, esp by working too hard 筋疲力尽或损害了自己的健康(尤指因劳累过度): If he doesn't stop working so hard, he'll burn himself out. 他继续这样拚命地工作, 就会累垮的. burn sb out (esp passive 尤用於被动语态) force sb to leave his house by burning it 放火烧某人的房子迫使其离去: The family was burnt out (of house and home) and forced to leave the area. 这家人因为房子被人放火烧了, 不得不离开这个地区. burn sth out (esp passive 尤用於被动语态) completely destroy sth by burning; gut sth 烧光某物; 烧空某物: The hotel was completely burnt out. 该旅馆毁於大火. * the burnt-out wreck of a car 汽车焚毁後的残骸.
burn (sth) to sth (cause sth to) be reduced to the specified state by burning (将某物)烧成某种状态: It burned to ashes. 它已烧成灰烬了. * You've burnt the toast to a cinder, ie so that it is hard and black. 你把面包片烤焦了.
burn up (a) (of a fire) produce brighter and stronger flames (指火)燃烧得更旺: put more wood on a fire to make it burn up 再往火上续点木柴让它烧旺些. (b) (of an object entering the earth's atmosphere) be destroyed by heat (指进入地球大气层的物体)着火烧毁. burn sb up (US infml 口) make sb very angry 使某人大动肝火. burn sth up get rid of sth by burning 把某物烧掉; 焚化: burn up all the garden rubbish 把花园里的垃圾都烧掉.
> burn n
1 injury or mark caused by fire, heat or acid 火﹑ 热或酸所造成的伤害或伤痕: He died of the burns he received in the fire. 他因在火灾中受烧伤而死.
2 firing of the rockets in a spacecraft (to change its course) 宇宙飞船中的火箭的发射(以改变航向).
burner n 1 part of a gas lamp, oven, etc from which the light or flame comes (煤气灯的)灯头; (煤气烤箱的)炉膛. 2 person who burns sth or makes sth by burning 烧制或烤制某物的人: a charcoal-burner 烧炭工人. 3 (idm 习语) put sth on the back burner => back2.
burning adj [attrib 作定语]
1 intense; extreme 强烈的; 极端的: a burning thirst 极渴 * a burning desire for sth 对某事物的强烈的慾望.
2 very important; urgent; crucial 极其重要的; 紧急的; 关键性的: one of the most burning issues of the day 当前最重要的问题之一.
burnt adj marked, damaged or hurt by burning 有烧痕的; 烧坏的; 烧伤的: rather burnt toast 有点焦的面包片 * Your hand looks badly burnt. 你的手好像受了很重的烫伤.
burnt `offering thing offered as a sacrifice by burning 燔祭品.
# `burn-up n (Brit sl 俚) ride on a motor-cycle, etc at high speed (摩托车等)高速行驶.