/ bIld; bIld/ v (pt, pp built / bIlt; bIlt/)
(a) [Tn, Tn.pr, Dn.n, Dn.pr] ~ sth (of/from/out of sth); ~ sth (for sb) make or construct sth by putting parts or material together 修建﹑ 建造或建筑某物: build a house, road, railway 修建房屋﹑ 道路﹑ 铁路 * a house built of stone, bricks, etc 用石﹑ 砖等盖的房子 * Birds build their nests out of twigs. 鸟儿用细树枝筑巢. * His father built him a model aeroplane. 他父亲给他做了一架模型飞机. (b) [I] construct houses, etc 盖房子等: The local council intends to build on this site. 地方议会打算在这块地上盖房子.
[Tn] develop (sth); establish 开发(某事物); 创建; 兴建: build a business 创业 * build a better future, a new career, etc 创造更好的未来﹑ 新事业等.
(idm 习语) ,Rome was not ,built in a `day (saying 谚) time and hard work are necessary for a difficult or important task 罗马不是一天建成的(伟业建成非一日之功).
(phr v) build sth in/build sth into sth (esp passive 尤用於被动语态) (a) make sth a fixed and permanent part of sth larger 在某较大物体上建某物: build a cupboard/bookcase into a wall 在墙上建造壁橱[书橱] * We're having new wardrobes built in. 我们嵌加了新的衣橱. (b) (fig 比喻) make sth a necessary part of sth 将某事物加入另一事物中; 列入; 并入; 插入: build an extra clause into the contract 将一项额外条款列入合同中. build sth into sth put parts together to form sth 将各部分合在一起变成某事物: build loose stones into a strong wall 用石块建成坚固的墙 * build scraps of metal into a work of art 用金属碎块制成艺术品. build sth on/build sth onto sth add sth (eg an extra room) to an existing structure by building (在现有建筑物上)增建某物(如另一房间): The new wing was built on(to the hospital) last year. 去年(医院)增建了新侧楼. build on sth use sth as a foundation for further progress 用某事物作为进一步发展的基础; 建基於某事物之上: build on earlier achievements, success, results, etc 建基於原来的成就﹑ 成功﹑ 成果等之上. build sth on sth base sth on sth 把某事物作另一事物的基础: build one's hopes on the economic strength of the country 把自己的希望建立在国家的经济实力上 * an argument built on sound logic 逻辑性强的论点. build up become greater, more numerous or more intense 变得更大﹑ 更多或更强: Traffic is building up on roads into the city. 来往的车辆在通往市区的道路上越聚越多. * Tension built up as the crisis approached. 危机越近越紧张. build oneself/sb up make oneself/sb healthier or stronger 使自己[某人]健康或强壮: You need more protein to build you up. 你需要增加蛋白质以增强体质. build sb/sth up (esp passive 尤用於被动语态) speak with great (often undeserved or exaggerated) praise about sb/sth 捧(吹捧)某人[某事物]: The film was built up to be a masterpiece, but I found it very disappointing. 这部影片被吹捧为杰作, 可是我觉得令人失望. build sth up (a) acquire, develop, increase or strengthen sth gradually 逐步获得﹑ 发展﹑ 增加或增强某事物: build up a big library, a fine reputation, a thriving business 逐步建起一座大图书馆﹑ 逐步赢得好的声誉﹑ 逐步建立起兴旺发达的事业 * build up one's strength after an illness 病後逐渐增强体力. (b) (esp passive 尤用於被动语态) cover (an area) with buildings 建筑物遍布(某地区): The village has been built up since I lived here. 我在这里住过, 从那时起, 这个村子已经盖满了房子.
> build n [U, C] shape and size (of the human body) (人体的)体形, 体格: a man of athletic, powerful, slender, average, etc build 身体强健﹑ 强壮﹑ 苗条﹑ 一般等的人* We are (of) the same build. 我们的体形相同. * Our build is/builds are similar. 我们的体形相似.
builder n
1 person who builds, esp one whose job is building houses, etc 建造者; (尤指)房屋建筑者.
2 (in compounds 用以构成复合词) person or thing that creates or develops sth 创造或开发某事物的人或事物: an empire-builder 帝国的缔造者 * a confidence-builder 助人建立信心的事物.
built (after advs and in compound adjs 用於副词之後或用以构成复合形容词) having the specified build 有某种体形的: solidly built * a well-built man, ie one who is broad and muscular.
# `build-up n 1 (a) gradual increase or accumulation 逐渐增加或积累: a steady build-up of traffic 来往车辆逐渐增多 * A build-up of enemy forces is reported. 据悉敌军正在集结. (b) ~ (to sth) gradual approach (to a climax); gradual preparation (for sth) 逐渐达到(高潮); 逐渐准备(某事物): the build-up to the President's visit 总统访问的准备工作. 2 favourable description (esp of a performer or spectacle) in advance (尤指为表演者或场面)造舆论, 鸣锣开道: The press has given the show a tremendous build-up. 新闻界为这一演出大造声势.
,built-`in (also in-built) adj [attrib 作定语] constructed to form part of a structure 与某结构建成一体的; 并入的; 嵌入的: a bedroom with ,built-in `wardrobes 有嵌入衣柜的卧室 * (fig 比喻) a pay deal with built-in guarantees of employment 带有雇用担保的工资协议.
,built-`up adj [usu attrib 通常作定语] covered with buildings 布满建筑物的: a ,built-up `area 建筑物多的地方.